This page relates to the year 1148 Calendrier Julien.
The close East & Arab World
- Epiphany: Battle of the mount Cadmos. Defeat of the franque army vis-a-vis Turkish.
- Mars: Louis VII of France and Aliénor of Aquitaine go to Antioche, where the queen meets her uncle Raymond, Master of the city. Louis VII refuses forwarding against Alep which proposes to him Raymond of Poitiers, which then convinces Aliénor (and its vassal Aquitanian) to refuse to follow her husband to Jerusalem. Louis involves it of force. Aliénor points out consanguinity existing between them, and calls upon the divorce. The couple joined Conrad III with Jerusalem. The pilgrimage overrides the needs for the defense of the Latin East, whose crusaders ignore the situation. Their achieved wish, some set out again for Europe, while the two sovereigns, pushing back the most moderate projects, let themselves involve by the barons of the most quarrelsome Jerusalem in an useless forwarding against Damas.
- Head office of Damas: failure of the Second crusade.
- July 24th: The crusaders arrive in front of Damas. Damascènes leave their city to face them, in vain. The Francs draw up their camp in the plain of the Ghouta. The 25, the engagements last all the day.
- July 26th: To the call of Moinuddin Ounar, governor of the city, riders Turkish, Kurdish or Arabic come by north. One announces the arrival of Nur AD-DIN of Alep and his Saifeddin brother of Mosul. Damascènes take again hope. Ounar manages an agreement with the Francs of Syria which manage to convince Conrad III to move away from Damas before the arrival of the reinforcements. Badgered by Damascènes, the Francs ebb towards Jerusalem as of the following day.
- Council of Rheims where the pope Eugene III continues the reform Gregoire VII. Eon of the Star, condemned by the council, is stopped and subjected to the question.
- Humbert III becomes count of Savoy (fine in 1189).
- Arnaud de Brescia is excommunicated.
Manuel Ier Comnène increases the Venetian commercial privileges. The commercial privileges granted by Basile II (992) and his successors to Venetian ruined the fleet and the Byzantine currency. In front of the danger, Manuel Comnène in vain tries to oppose to Venice other Italian cities, which causes a violent reaction.
Reconquest of Lérida.
- In Spain, the Almohades prohibit the practice of the Judaism and Christianity in all the provinces already subjected to the Moslem legislation. A great number of Juifs are killed, a minority adopts the Islamic religion, the others take refuge in the Christian kingdoms of north.
Arts & cultures
After the catch of Cordoue by the Almohades, the family of Maïmonide decides to emigrate with Fès then in Palestine in 1165 before settling with the Cairo. Maïmonide becomes there chief rabbi and doctor at the court of Saladin.
Sciences & technology
Births in 1148
Death in 1148
- September 17th: Conan III of Brittany
- Anne Comnène, Byzantine princess (born in 1083), girl of the emperor Alexis Comnène, author of Alexiade , historical work in fifteen volumes.
Be-X-old: 1148 Map-bms: 1148
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