This page relates to the year 1075 Calendrier Julien.
- Beginning of the development of the Islam with the Ghana, after the conversion of the king Humay (fine in 1086).
The Middle East
- June 9th: Henri IV crushes the revolt of Saxony to Langensalza;
- By the Dictatus papæ , Gregoire VII proclaims the bishop Rome absolute chief of the Church;
- Decree of Gregoire VII prohibiting the bishops from receiving their load of the hands of laic:
- a collection of 27 proposals, the Dictatus papæ , defines the capacities of the pontiff and justifies his program: only the pope has, by Christ, an absolute and universal capacity. Master of the Church, it is with the top of all the laic princes whom it can deposit if they do not respect the rights of God and the Church. The decree is published by the princes, who see an attack with their authority there, neither in England, neither in Spain, nor in the Saint Empire. In France, the legate Hugues de Die can purify the episcopate, in spite of the opposition of Philippe Ier and of the nobility.
- Revolt of the counts in England against William the Conqueror;
- William the Conqueror pushes back a Danish fleet in front of the Yorkshire;
- Colonization of the Black Forest at the instigation of the dukes of Zähringen;
- Creation of the County of Holland, protected by Robert the Clippings, count of Flanders, relative of Dirk V of Holland;
- the Flanders receives the supervision of the Zealand (fine in 1253);
- the count Conrad founds the house of Luxembourg;
- Dimitri of Kiev is recognized vassal of the pope.
- Famine and epidemics due to rigorous winters (1075 - 1077)
Arts & culture
- Foundation of the Order of Hirschau;
- Beginning of the construction of the Basilica of Saint-Jacques-with-Compostelle (fine in 1128);
- Foundation of the abbey of Molesme;
- Yearly of the Church of Hamburg, of Adam of Bremen, in which it describes Scandinavia, the Iceland, the the Orkneys, the Féroé and the Hébrides;
- the Persan poet Omar Khayyam writes her Robaïates .
Births in 1075
Death in 1075
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