Énée (in Greek old Αἰνείας / Aineías , in Latin Aeneas ), wire of the mortal Anchise and the goddess Aphrodite (Venus), is one of the heroes of the Trojan War. He is sung by Homère in Iliade and by Virgile in Énéide , of which he is the central figure.
Divine origins of Énée
Anchise belonged to the royal family of Troy, resulting from the race of Dardanos. Whereas it kept its herds on the mount Ida, close to Troy, Aphrodite met it and éprit of him, touched by her beauty. She links herself with him and gave him a son, Énée. To have revealed the name of the mother of its child, Anchise was struck by the lightning and remained lame.
Énée is born on the Ida mount. His/her mother entrusts it to the nymphs and to the Centaure Chiron which raise it in wood then return it to his/her father when it is five years old.
The Trojan War
Caused by the removal of Helene, more the beautiful woman of the world and the wife of the king of Sparte, Ménélas, the Trojan War put at the catches famous Trojan heroes, such Hector, and Greeks such Ajax large the, Achille or celebrates it Ulysses, wire of Laërte and king of Ithaque. Énée took part in it: it was seriously wounded by Diomède, but his/her Aphrodite mother saved it. She was wounded by Diomède in her turn and flees on the Mont Olympe. Apollon dissimulated Énée in a cloud and transported it to Pergame where Artémis looked after it. On the way to be wounded by Achilles, it was again saved by a god, Poséidon.
The Latin author Virgile wrote the continuation of the adventures of Énée in Énéide .
When Troy fell to the hands from the Achaens thanks to the famous trick from Ulysses, Énée flees with Misenus, his/her father Anchise, his friends Achate, Sergeste and Acmon, the doctor Iapyx, his wife Créüse (that it was unfortunately obliged to give up as the gods and Venus order it in particular, or who was mislaid, according to the traditions) and its Ascagne son, also called Iule, the Lares and the Pénates like Mimas.
Left the port of Antandros, they arrived at Carthage where the queen Didon fell in love with Énée. It left nevertheless on the order Hermes, which involved the suicide of the queen. When Énée went down in the Enfers to speak in Didon, its phantom refused to forgive him. The imprécations which Didon formula, at the time of the departure of Enée, precede the arrival of Hannibal and of the Punic Wars.
Close to the coasts of Lucanie, one of the men of Énée, Palinurus, fell asleep and fell to water. He swam until the beach, but was killed by Lucaniens. The Mont Palinuro is named according to this character.
Just after its arrival in Italy, the small troop made the war against the town of Falerii.
Latinus, the Latin king of the S, accommodated Énée and them his, and allowed them to settle in the Latium. Whereas his/her daughter Lavinia was promised with Turnus, king of Rutulie, Latinus wanted to marry it in Énée. With the insistent request for Héra (Junon), Turnus declared the war with Énée but lost it and Turnus was killed and its captured people. Ascagne, the son of Énée which the Roman author Virgile called Iule , then founded Alba of which he became the king.
Énée and Lavinia had a son, Silvius. They accommodated the sister of Didon, Anna Perenna which committed suicide when she learned the jealousy from Lavinia. Énée founded finally the town of Lavinium and became the god Indiges after his death.
(III, 12,2), (III, 32; IV, 2; V, 21).
- (v. 1008).
- (II, 819-21; V, 217-575; XIII, 455-544; XX, 75-352).
- (VII), (XIV, 581-608).
- (III, 22,10).
- (V, 3,2).
- ( passim ).
- '' the initiatory Walk of Énée in the Hells '', by Paul-Augustin Deproost;
- Énéide '' and the tradition prévirgilienne. Some specificities of '' Énéide '' compared to the legend of Énée former to Virgile '', by Jacques Poucet.
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