Élie Halévy (1870-1937) was a philosopher and liberal French historian, specialist in England.
BiographyBorn in 1870, Élie Halévy is the son of Ludovic Halévy, writer, author in particular of booklets for Jacques Offenbach. Élie and its young brother Daniel grow in Montmartre, in a world of intellectuals and artists.
Élèvre shining, it is interested in philosophy, where it obtains a first price with the open Competition. In 1890, it enters to the Teacher training school where it attends Xavier Leon, Célestin Bouglé, Alain and Leon Brunschvicg and Dominique Parodi. The year of aggregation, it reflects in particular on Plato, which will lead in 1896 to the publication of a work on the Platonic theory of the knowledge. It founds with Xavier Leon the Revue of metaphysics and morals which starts to appear in 1893.
From 1892 Halévy, at the request of Emile Boutmy, started to give a course to the Private school of political sciences on " Evolution of the political ideas in England with the XIXe siècle". In 1900 a second course was entrusted to him on the development of socialism. Its courses on England gave rise to its Histoire of the English people at the XIXe century .
InfluenceElie Halévy was at the same time worried by the ideas social and close to the Libéralisme. On this point its role is to be brought closer with that to Graham Wallas of which after the war of 1914, he was the friend. If Graham Wallas contributed to move away Walter Lippmann from socialism, Élie Halévy played a similar part in the evolution of Raymond Aron.
Just like Graham Wallas, it was in favor of the free trade. Raymond Aron note in his memories that he would have entrusted to him that “only the free-trader has the right to be said peaceful”. After the war of 1914, he to him was proposed a post office with the Société of the Nations. that he refused in order to devote himself at the end of his history of the England to the nineteenth century. He off gave conferences to the Royal Institute International Affairs a Think tank English specialized in the international relations.
He was one of the first to bring closer Fascism and Communism in conferences which were published in 1938 pennies the title of the the Era of tyrannies . Three members of the association of the friends of Élie Halévy, chaired by Célestin Bouglé, took part in 1938 in the Colloque Walter Lippmann: Raymond Aron, Robert Marjolin and Etienne Mantoux.
- 1896 : the Theory plationician of sciences , 1896, Felix Alcan, Paris 1896, pp. xl, 379
- 1901-1904 Formation of philosophical radicalism
- 1901, the Youth of Bentham 1776-1789
- 1901, evolution of the utility doctrines of 1789 to 1815 (which was used for to him to pass its thesis)
- 1904, philosophical radicalism
- 1913-1923, Histoire of the English people at the XIXe century , three volumes and a posthumous volume, 1947
- 1913, England in 1815
- 1923, Of the shortly after Waterloo to the day beforeof Reform bill
- 1923, Of the crisis of Reform Bill to the advent of Sir Robert Peel: 1830-1841
- 1946, middle of the century: 1841-1852
- 1926, Epilog 1. Imperialists with the capacity: 1895-1914
- 1932, Epilog 2. Towards the social democracy and the war: 1895-1914
- 1938, the Era of Tyrannies , prefaced by Célestin Bouglé, new edition, Gallimard 1990.
- 1948, History of European socialism written starting from notes of course by former students: Raymond Aron, Robert Marjolin, Jean-Marcel Jeanneney, Pierre Laroque.
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